Malware, also known as malicious software, is any software that is intentionally designed to cause damage to your computer, server, client or computer network. Malware intends to cause harm and this can infect your computer in many ways. The damage occurs after it is introduced in some way into your computer and often takes the form of directly executed coded scripts and other forms of data.
Some kinds of malware are referred to as computer viruses, worms, Trojan horses, ransomware, spyware, adware, and scareware, just to name a few. Malware has the malicious intent that acts against the interest of the computer user and can ultimately destroy your computer. It is important to know how viruses can harm your computer so you can make sure you have protection from malware.
1. Some Viruses Are Built to Destroy
The first thing you need to understand about viruses is that not everyone is the same. There are thousands of different viruses available on the internet, with each serving a specific purpose that can hinder your computer’s functionality. However, some viruses are specifically built to destroy your device without harvesting any information. For example, the virus Rombertik is particularly nefarious, locking all of your files and breaking your device once it is detected by an antivirus program.
2. Viruses Slow Down Your Device
Most viruses are meant to harvest information and spy on you. Because they do this on your device and transfer the data to a remote location, they use processing speeds on your laptop. Processing speeds control how much energy your device can spend on certain tasks. Because viruses run several different processes at the same time without you knowing, your device will start to become slower.
3. Viruses Can Crash Your Device
When a virus infects your computer, it can crash your system or cause it to reboot spontaneously. If you notice your system rebooting without you restarting it or shutting down randomly, there is a chance it is infected with malware.
Even if your laptop isn’t destroyed by viruses, they can still make your device crash if they’re detected by antivirus programs. This will make the device more difficult to use by interrupting any programs you try to use.
4. You Can Lose Internet Access
Malware can slow down your internet access. Malware is designed to record the keys you press on your keyboard and is how a hacker can gain access to your email, bank accounts, and other personal information.
Because viruses are often focused on harvesting information and sending it to an outside device, many will make it seem as though your internet connection is being limited so you cannot access any antivirus programs. This is why it’s important to have an antivirus program installed before anyone can breach your internet connection.
5. Can Make Your Device Useless
Though there are devices that can destroy your laptop, there are some that will also just disable your computer from working. These don’t pose any threat to your sensitive information, but can force you to reinstall your operating system, something that can be very inconvenient!
Infected files can cause the virus to spread to other people through file-sharing without your knowing-file sharing. On the internet, there is a lot of file sharing- how viruses can affect large numbers of people quickly and ultimately destroy files on your computer and make your device useless.
It is important to protect yourself against malware. This can be done by installing antivirus software onto your computer and have it running at all times. Make sure you look out for suspicious or misleading messages and never click on links in emails when you don’t know the sender. Also, don’t download anything you haven’t authorized onto your device. The best defense against malware is to stay safe when searching the internet by avoiding sites that host illegal content and aren’t secure.